Ingredient: Arnica Montana
What is it? Arnica (also known as mountain daisy) comes from the same family as the sunflower and is native to Europe and found within the mountain ranges of North America. The flower extract has been used as a traditional and homeopathic ingredient for centuries to help ease pain and stimulate the body's repair processes. The most effective properties are thought to come from the constituents helenalin and dihyrdoheleanlin, which have been shown to reduce inflammation while supporting the immune response.*
*= This information has not been approved by the FDA
Klaas, Christoph A., et al. “Studies on the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Phytopharmaceuticals Prepared from Arnica Flowers1.” Planta Medica, vol. 68, no. 5, 2002, pp. 385–391., doi:10.1055/s-2002-32067.
Mckinney, P.w. “A Randomized, Controlled Comparison between Arnica and Steroids in the Management of Postrhinoplasty Ecchymosis and Edema.” Yearbook of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, vol. 2009, 2009, pp. 103–104., doi:10.1016/s1535-1513(08)79112-4.
Kriplani, Priyanka, et al. “Arnica Montana L. - a Plant of Healing: Review.” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 69, no. 8, 2017, pp. 925–945., doi:10.1111/jphp.12724.
Sharma, Shikha, et al. “Cumulative Therapeutic Effects of Phytochemicals In Arnica Montana flower Extract Alleviated Collagen-Induced Arthritis: Inhibition of Both pro-Inflammatory Mediators and Oxidative Stress.” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 96, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1500–1510., doi:10.1002/jsfa.7252.
Cameron, Melainie, and Sigrun Chrubasik. “Topical Herbal Therapies for Treating Osteoarthritis.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013, doi:10.1002/14651858.cd010538.
Widrig, Reto, et al. “Choosing between NSAID and Arnica for Topical Treatment of Hand Osteoarthritis in a Randomized, Double-Blind Study.” Rheumatology International, vol. 27, no. 6, 2007, pp. 585–591.
Marzotto, Marta, et al. “Arnica Montana Stimulates Extracellular Matrix Gene Expression in a Macrophage Cell Line Differentiated to Wound-Healing Phenotype.” Plos One, vol. 11, no. 11, 2016, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166340.
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